Below you will find a list of the primary outcomes of the Models of Authority project, including publications and conference papers. The page will be updated as the project progresses. 

Journal Articles and Chapters in Books

Talks and Conference Papers

  • Palaeography East-West: T. Webber, 'Palaeographical Analysis and Digital Humanities: Models of Authority, the DigiPal Framework and the Challenge of Cursive Handwriting', TriFaculty of Asian and Middle-Eastern Studies, Cambridge, 23 May 2017.
  • The James Lydon research seminar in Medieval History: A. Taylor, 'Aristocratic power in the charters of French and Scottish kings, 1124-1223: 'seeing like a state' in the late twelfth century'. 16 February 2017.
  • Digital Humanities 2016 (Krakow, Poland)
    Poster Presentation: P.A. Stokes et al., 'The Models of Authority Project: Extending the DigiPal Framework for Script and Decoration'. Full-resolution PDF of the poster available at (3.77MB)
  • IMC Leeds 2016
    The Models of Authority project sponsored three sessions at IMC Leeds 2016: Session 432, Session 531 and Session 631, on Monday 5 and Tuesday 6 July:
    • Stewart Brookes (Chair), 'So We've Digitised, What Next?: A Round Table Discussion'
    • Stewart Brookes, 'Models of Authority: Charting New Territory for Medieval Scottish Charters'
    • Lisa Fagin Davis, 'DigiPal and the Austrian Romanesque: A Case Study in Aspirational Paleography'
    • Ainoa Castro Correa, 'VisigothicPal: la escritura visigótica al descubierto'
    • Peter Stokes, 'What is Digital Palaeography, Really?'
    • Dominique Stutzmann, 'Space between Words (13th-15th Centuries): Computer Vision and Medieval Linguistic Consciousness'
    • Bill Endres, 'Transformed Materiality: Advanced Imaging Techniques and the Study of Medieval Manuscripts'
  • ICMS Kalamazoo 2016
    The Models of Authority project sponsored two sessions at ICMS Kalamazoo 2016: Session 494 and Session 552, on Sunday 15 May 
    • Stewart Brookes, 'Models of Authority: Searching Questions for Medieval Scottish Charters'
    • Peter Stokes 'What Order Are My Pages? Bringing Codicology to DigiPal'
    • Dot Porter, 'Visualizing Manuscript Content through the Collation Project'
    • Kristen Mapes, 'Visualizing the Roman de la Rose Digital Library: New Pathways to Manuscript Studies'
    • Ben Albritton, 'Scaling Up: Macroanalysis and Manuscripts'
    • Bill Endres, 'Beyond 2D: Representing the Materiality of Medieval Manuscripts'
  • 'The Cursive Image of Handwriting' 2015 (London)
    This one-day workshop was run in London on 3 September as part of the International Cursivity Seminar and co-sponsored by the Models of Authority project, including: Tessa Webber, 'The Significance of Cursive Elements in the Handwriting of Scottish Charters, c. 1150-c. 1250'. See the full programme here. 
  • IMC Leeds 2015
    The Models of Authority team organised two sessions at IMC Leeds 2015: Session 107 (Monday 6 July, 11:15–12:45) and Session 207 (Monday 6 July, 14:15–15:45) 
    • Dauvit Broun, 'Introducing the Models of Authority Project: Scottish Charters, c. 1100 - c. 1250'
    • Joanna Tucker, 'Scotland's Earliest Cartularies'
    • John Reuben Davies, 'Standardisation of the Diplomatic in Scottish Royal Acts down to 1249'
    • Stewart Brookes, 'Getting Cursive: Extending DigiPal's Framework for Models of Authority'
    • Tessa Webber, 'Script as an Image of Authority: Sources of Influence on the Handwriting of Scottish Charters - 1100-1250'
    • Alice Taylor, 'Gilbert of Stirling, Royal Scribes, and the Justice of the Scots'
  • Digital Humanities 2015 (Sydney Australia)
    Peter A. Stokes, 'The Problem of Digital Dating: A Model for Uncertainty in Medieval Documents', Digital Humanities 2015, Sydney Australia. Session LP18, Friday 3 July


  • A significant part of this project is extensions to the DigiPal Resource for and Database of Palaeography, Manuscripts and Diplomatic, which is open-source software available at It provides a framework for the analysis and delivery of palaeographical and related content online.
  • The DigiPal framework is also now available as a virtual machine which can be run on your personal computer. It is available through the Docker framework at